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Appendix 3 for Busch et al. manuscript in March 2006 EID

West Nile Virus Seasonal incidence

The seasonal incidence or proportion of a population infected with West Nile virus during 2003 is a measure of the incident infections in the population at risk over a time period, t, and can be estimated using minipool-NAT data and an estimate of the average period of time during which RNA is detectable by minipool-NAT (TMP-NAT). For a month, i, the monthly proportion of donations with West Nile virus RNA (monthly minipool-NAT yield) can be derived by dividing the number of West Nile virus minipool-NAT positives in the month by the number of donations screened in the month:

The monthly average incidence rate can be estimated from the monthly West Nile virus minipool-NAT data and from a monthly person-time estimate (34, 35).  On average, each donation can be considered at risk for being minipool-NAT positive during the average period of time in which RNA is detectable by minipool-NAT (TMP-NAT). Thus, monthly person-time can be estimated as the number of donations in the month multiplied by TMP-NAT. Hence, the monthly average incidence rate can be estimated as:

The estimated monthly average incidence rate, , is a rough approximation to the actual average monthly incidence rate but is considered adequate for this study (e.g., although some minipool-NAT positives may be incidents from the previous month, this is counter-balanced by incidents occurring late in the month that would not be identified by minipool-NAT). The monthly West Nile virus incidence (i.e., proportion of blood donors who were infected during the month) is estimated from the monthly average incidence rate. That is, the monthly West Nile virus incidence is equal to the monthly average incidence rate times the number of days in the month:

The seasonal West Nile virus incidence (i.e., proportion of blood donors who were infected during the 2003 season) can then be estimated by summing the estimated monthly West Nile virus incidences for these four months (36);

 

 
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